What is Hajj Badal, Hajj e Badal, Badal Hajj, حج البدل and بدل حج ?

Hajj Badal and Hajj e Badal are terms generally used by the Muslims who originate from the Indo-Pak region; whilst Badal Hajj [ بدل حج ] and Hajj al-Badal [ حج البدل ] are Arabic terms.

Both terms respectively imply one and the same thing; the performance of the obligatory hajj on behalf of those:

  1. who have died whilst not having done so;
  2. who are unable due to illness or disability;
  3. wishing to offer a voluntary hajj on behalf of someone.
Hajj Badal only £749 including sacrifice

Book Now

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas reported that a woman from Juhaynah came to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and said:

“My mother vowed to go for Hajj, but she died before she did so. Can I perform Hajj on her behalf?” He said:

«Yes, perform Hajj on her behalf. Do you not think if your mother owed a debt that you would pay it off for her? Fulfil her debt to Allaah; for Allaah is more deserving that what is owed to him should be paid» – transmitted by al-Bukhaaree – no.1754

A qualified student of knowledge from the Islamic University of Madeenah or Umm al-Qura University in Makkah – who has already performed his own hajj – will be appointed to perform the hajj badal on your behalf. He will benefit from the fee he receives by allowing him to maintain himself and his family whilst studying, in shaa.-Allaah. So your fee has a double benefit in having the hajj badal performed as well as helping a student of knowledge, in shaa.-Allaah.

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) heard a man saying:

“Labbayka ‘an Shubrumah ([I am] at your service O Allaah, on behalf of Shubrumah).” The Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«Who is Shubrumah?»

He said: “A relative of mine.” The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«Have you [ever] done Hajj before?»

He said, “No.” He (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«[First] do Hajj for yourself, then do Hajj on behalf of Shubrumah» – transmitted by Abu Daawood – no.1811 and Ibn Maajah – no.2903

‘Abdullaah ibn Buraydah narrated that his father (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhu) said:

Whilst I was sitting with the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), a woman came to him and said: “I gave a slave woman in charity to my mother, then she died.” He said:

«Your reward is assured, and she (the slave woman) has been returned to you as an inheritance.»

She said: “O Messenger of Allaah, she owed one month’s fasting, should I fast on her behalf?” He said:

«Fast on her behalf.»

She said: “She never went for Hajj, should I perform Hajj on her behalf?” He said:

«Perform Hajj on her behalf.» – transmitted by Muslim – no.1149

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhumaa) narrated:

al-Fadhl was riding behind Allaah’s Messenger, and a woman from the tribe of Khath’am came, and al-Fadhl started looking at her and she started looking at him. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) turned al-Fadhl’s face to the other side. The woman said:

“O Allaah’s Messenger! The obligation of Hajj enjoined by Allaah on His worshipers has become due on my father and he is old and weak, and he cannot sit firm on the mount; may I perform Hajj on his behalf?” The Prophet replied:

«Yes, you may.»

That happened during the Hajj al-Widaa’ [of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)]. – transmitted by al-Bukhaaree 2.589

Abu Ruzayn al-‘Uqaylee narrated:

A man of Banu ‘Aamir said: O Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), my father is very old, he cannot perform Hajj and ‘Umrah himself nor can he ride on a mount. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«Perform Hajj and ‘Umrah on behalf of your father.» – transmitted by Imaam Ahmad No.15751 and an-Nasaa.ee No.2621.

Hajj Badal only £699 including sacrifice - Book Now!

Performing Umrah Badal on behalf of the deceased

Question: Some of the Scholars say that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) permitted the performing of the Hajj on behalf of the deceased, and not the umrah; So is it correct [to perform] umrah [on behalf of the deceased]? We are in need of knowing the evidences, so [please] benefit us [and] may Allaah reward you with good.

Response: It is permissible to perform the umrah on behalf of another, just like the hajj – whether or not the person is deceased or frail due to old age or an illness which is not anticipated to pass. So he is allowed to perform the hajj and the umrah on his behalf.

A man came to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and said: O Messenger of Allaah, indeed my father is an old man, and he is unable to perform the hajj and nor undertake the journey, so should I perform the hajj and umrah on his behalf? He said:

«Perform Hajj and ‘Umrah on behalf of your father» – [transmitted by Imaam Ahmad from the hadeeth of Abu Ruzayn al-‘Uqaylee No.15751, and an-Nasaa.ee No.2621].

So there is no harm in performing the hajj [and umrah] on his behalf.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz
Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwa’ah – Volume 16

Performing additional voluntary Hajj Badal on behalf of my mother

Question: My mother performed the hajj seven times, so is it permissible for me myself to perform [yet another] hajj on her behalf?

Response: Yes, it is permissible for you to perform [yet another] hajj on her behalf – an eighth hajj or more. This is [considered] from [extending] kindness [and honour] towards her, and therein is great reward for you if you have [already] performed the [obligatory] hajj for yourself.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz
Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Rasaa.il ‘Abdul-‘Azeez ibn Baaz – Volume 16, Page 405

Regularly performing Hajj Badal on behalf of father

Question: My father performed the obligatory hajj before dying. [After his death] my brother performed a voluntary hajj on his behalf; so is it permissible for us to regularly perform a voluntary hajj on his behalf?

Response: There is no harm in [performing] a voluntary hajj on a regular basis. [Bear in mind] whatever is done beyond what is obligatory shall be considered voluntary; and there is no limit to voluntary acts of worship.

Shaykh Ibn Fowzaan
http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/14845

Hajj Badal on behalf of the disabled

Question: Is hajj obligatory upon the disabled (incapacitated) or not?

Response: Whoever is able to perform the hajj with his money, but is unable to physically undertake the hajj due to a persistent [physically] prohibiting factor, then he is required to appoint someone to perform the obligatory hajj on his behalf – with the condition that the appointee has already performed [the obligatory] hajj for himself.

Shaykh Ibn Fowzaan
ad-Durar an-Naadhirah fil-Fataawa al-Mu’aasarah – Page 434

Hajj Badal on behalf of 16 year old who has died

Question: Should I perform hajj on behalf of my 16 year old son who died, and had not performed the hajj?

Response: If a boy or girl attains puberty or reaches 15 years of age, then it is obligatory upon him [or her] to perform the hajj if he [or she] is [physically and financially] able to do so. The performance of the hajj before attaining puberty does not suffice (i.e. it does not relieve him of the obligation of having to perform the obligatory hajj). So, if he died after coming of age and having had the ability, then perform the hajj on his behalf from his money or his guardian should perform the hajj on his behalf.

Shaykh Ibn Jibreen
Fataawa al-Hajj wal-‘Umrah waz-Ziyaarah – Page 25

Setting out for Hajj Badal from other than father’s hometown

Question: A man performed hajj this year on behalf of his deceased father. However, [when setting off for the hajj journey] he did not travel from his father’s hometown; He is [now] asking regarding the validity of that hajj [on behalf of his father]?

Response: It appears from the question of the inquirer that he undertook the hajj on behalf of his father at his own expense; So if the situation is as such, then there does not appear to be any problem with the validity of his hajj on his [father’s] behalf – even if he did not set out for the hajj journey from his father’s hometown.

The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Verdicts
Fataawa al-Hajj wal-‘Umrah waz-Ziyaarah – Page 145

Performing Umrah Badal after have just performed Umrah

Question: A man performed the umrah – and after completing it, went to Taif to do something. After completing what he had to do [in Taif] he wanted to perform umrah for a deceased [person], so is this permissible?

Response: There is no problem in him doing this. If a person performs umrah, then leaves Makkah to go to Taif or Jeddah for [some] reason, [and whilst there] it occurs to him to do umrah for a deceased [person], then there is no harm in that, even if he repeated this [action] – there is no prohibition.

That which is forbidden is to remain in Makkah, and then depart to at-Tan’eem (Masjid ‘Aa.ishah) so as to return to Makkah to do another umrah. This is what is forbidden.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Liqaa.aat al-Baab al-Maftooh – Volume 1, Page 51, Number 86

Hajj Badal and Umrah Badal on behalf of parents and relatives

Question: Is it permissible for a person to make tawaaf for his deceased parents or one of his relatives who has died?

Response: There is no problem in someone performing the hajj or the umrah on behalf of his parents or relatives. Likewise in shaa.-Allaah, there is no harm if he made tawaaf, making the intention for its reward to [pass onto] one of his parents or relatives.

Shaykh Ibn Jibreen
Fataawa al-Hajj wal-‘Umrah waz-Ziyaarah – Page 87

Performed Hajj Badal for deceased mother but not for deceased father

Question: I performed hajj on behalf of my mother after her death, and did not perform hajj for my father after his death. So is there any sin upon me for having left off performing hajj for my father?

Response: There is no sin upon you for having left off performing hajj for your father. This is because it is not obligatory upon you to perform hajj on his behalf. However, from honouring and being good [to your father] is to perform hajj on his behalf, as this is incorporated in the general statement of ihsaan (doing good) which Allaah has commanded in His saying:

{And be dutiful to your parents}, [Soorah al-Israa., Aayah 23].

The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Verdicts
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 11, Page 54, Fatwa No.1753

Hajj Badal on behalf of deceased grandparents

Question: My grandparents [both] from my father and my mother have died and I do not know whether they had fulfilled the[ir] obligation of performing hajj or not. So is it upon me to entrust someone to perform hajj on their behalf?

Response: It is legislated for you to entrust someone to perform hajj on behalf of every single one of them, so long as the one who is to perform hajj on behalf of every single one of them has [already] previously performed hajj for himself and that he is noble and trustworthy.

The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Verdicts
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 11, Page 107, Question 12 of Fatwa No.6505

Hajj Badal on behalf of a paralytic son

Question: I have a paralytic son. I am thinking about doing hajj for him, because II fear he will suffer harm if he was to do it himself. So is it permissible for me to do the hajj on his behalf?

Response: If the son is [indeed] paralytic as you say, then it is permissible for you to do the obligatory hajj on his behalf if you have already done the hajj for yourself.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Liqaa.aat al-Baab al-Maftooh – Volume 1, Page 45, Number 67

Umrah Badal on behalf of the deceased

Question: I made the intention to perform the umrah for my eldest brother since he has passed away, so I want to know, is this act from the religious acts which [whose reward] will reach the deceased?

Response: Yes, because this is something good, [that being] you performing the umrah on behalf of your deceased brother whether it be the obligatory [umrah] or the recommended (voluntary) [umrah] – so this is a great act; However, [the permissibility of this is] based upon the condition that you have already performed the obligatory umrah for yourself first, and Allaah is the Most Knowledgeable.

Shaykh Saailh ibn Fowzaan
al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan – Volume 5, Page 160, Fatwa No.240

Hajj Badal and Umrah Badal on behalf of my parents who are alive

Question: Is it permissible to perform the hajj or the umrah on behalf of parents who are alive?

Response: There is [some] explanation (required) in this issue:

As for the obligatory hajj and the obligatory umrah, then it is not permissible to appoint anyone on their behalf. [The exception being] unless there is something permanent preventing them from performing the hajj or the umrah; such as the one who is suffering from a prolonged illness as a result of which he is unable to travel for the hajj to perform the rites of hajj, or the one who is elderly [and] senile, based upon the hadeeth of the woman who said to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that it has become incumbent upon her father to perform the obligatory hajj, however he is unable to travel, “so should I perform the hajj on his behalf?” The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to her:

«Perform the hajj on behalf of your father», [Transmitted by Abu Daawood and at-Tirmidhee]

As for the voluntary hajj, then the issue is quite open, so there is no harm in him performing the hajj on his [parents’] behalf, even if (t)he(y) was (were) able [to do so themselves], [and] this is the opinion of a group of scholars.

Shaykh Saailh ibn Fowzaan
al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan – Volume 5, Page 160, Fatwa No.239

That which benefits the deceased by way of the living

Question: What are the things which benefit the deceased by way of the living? And is there a difference between physical and non-physical acts of worship? We hope you will clarify these issues for us; and outline a rule which we could refer to whenever we come across issues such as these. [Please] provide us with a fatwa, and may Allaah grant you blessings [in your affairs]?

Response: The deceased benefits from the action(s) of the living by way of that which [authentic] evidence indicates [permissibility] – from supplication (for the deceased), and the seeking of forgiveness for him (the deceased) and giving in charity on his (the deceased’s) behalf and (performing) the hajj and the umrah on his behalf and paying off his debts and executing his Islamic will; All of these have been legislated for. And some of the scholars have attached to this all acts of worship which a Muslim does intending their reward for a[nother] Muslim who is alive or dead. However, that which is correct is to limit [oneself] to that which [authentic] evidence indicates [permissibility]; as this will be in accordance with His (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) saying:

{And that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad)}, [Soorah an-Najm, Aayah 39]

…and Allaah [alone] has the Complete knowledge [of all affairs].

Shaykh Saailh ibn Fowzaan
al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan – Volume 2, Page 161, Fatwa No.139

Actions which benefit the parents when they are alive and when they have died

Question: What are the actions which benefit the parents, both (when they are) alive and (when they are) dead?

Response: [From] the actions are honouring them during their life; and extending [all forms of] good towards them in speech and action. [In addition to] undertaking the responsibility for all their needs in terms of their financial needs and their dwelling and other than that, and being kind and gentle towards them, and [maintaining] good speech with them and being of service to them, as He (Ta’aala) says:

{And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him, and that you be dutiful to your parents}, [Soorah al-Israa., Aayah 23]

As for after their death, then that which remains in [terms of] honouring them also is supplication and giving in charity on their behalf; and performing the hajj and the umrah on their behalf and settling the debts they were responsible for, and maintaining the ties of the womb (kinship) which are related to them both and also honouring their friends and executing their [Islamically] legislated will.

Shaykh Saailh ibn Fowzaan
al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan – Volume 2, Page 162-163, Fatwa No.141

 

Hajj Badal only £749 including sacrifice

Book Now